Shutdown is an interesting command line program found in Windows 7 and earlier operating systems such as XP. Administrators love testing the shutdown command because it has such a dramatic effect – it can down a network computer.
Windows 7 ‘Shutdown’ Topics
- Windows 7 Shutdown – The Basics
- Remote Shutdown – Select your ComputerName
- Shutdown – Explore the Additional Commands
- Full List of Windows 7 Shutdown Switches
Windows 7 Shutdown Command – The Basics
The shutdown executable is available at the command line in Windows 7, Vista, XP and also the Windows Server family. Once you launch the DOS box by typing cmd, your first decision is do you want to shutdown (/s), or reboot (/r) the computer?
Sooner or later everyone makes the mistake of accidentally shutting down the local machine instead of the target computer that they really wished to reboot. To recover from this mistake pay close attention to the syntax of the abort command Shutdown /a.
The default computername is the local machine, for the ‘Remote’ switch you need /m. The full command would be:
Shutdown /s /m \\ComputerName. If the slashes look slightly strange, you could try
Shutdwon -s -m \\ComputerName, in this example, ‘ComputerName’ is the hostname of the remote operating system. None of these commands are case sensitive so sHUTDOWN /R /m \\ComputerName would work just as well.
Note 1: There is no space between the backslashes and the computername
\\ ComputerName would not work.
Note 2: If you substitute /r for /s that would mean ‘Reboot’ and not shutdown. See More on Remote Restart in Windows Server
For testing /m on the local machine, try 127.0.0.1
For example, shutdown /s /m \\127.0.0.1 Such a command is useful in batch files. Alternatively, to reboot numerous computers try PowerShell’s command Restart-Computer.
Examples of Shutdown switches
shutdown /s /m \\Laptop – Shuts down, or stops a remote machine called ‘Laptop’
shutdown /r /m \\Laptop – Reboots a remote machine called ‘Laptop
Note 3: For once the sequence of switches is vital, hence shutdown /m /s \\Laptop does not work.
Encouraging computers to sleep when they’re not in use is a great idea – until you are away from your desk and need a file on that remote sleeping machine!
WOL also has business uses for example, rousing machines so that they can have update patches applied. My real reason for recommending you download this free tool is because it’s so much fun sending those ‘Magic Packets’. Give WOL a try – it’s free.
Windows 7 Remote Shutdown – Explore the Additional Commands
/t is for time. Is 30 seconds too short (or too long) a time? You can adjust with /t: 60 to display the dialog box for one minute. Maximum is 600 seconds.
/c is for a comment. Would you like to put your stamp on the shutdown? Let people know who is in charge, who is shutting them down? /c "Guy is shutting you down"
/d p:4:1 reason. Personally, I would avoid this switch, the syntax is tricky the numbers obscure and worst of all it does nothing exciting. That said the idea is sound, it enters a reason for the shutdown in the event log. If you activate shutdown’s help, then you will get a whole list of major and minor reasons that you could employ with this switch. For me, this switch is an option, an option that I do not take.
/a Abort shutdown command. See more about Cancel Windows Shutdown
Note 1: The shutdown command line switches work equally well with a dash, for example, -d, -r or -a
(instead of /d, /r or /a)
Tip – Launch The GUI With Shutdown /i
Consider making a shortcut to shutdown. The advantage is that you can include the /i (-i) for interactive switch. The benefit is that you have a GUI to control your shutdowns or restarts.
Just right-click the desktop, New, Shortcut, type
A shortcut is born. (See screenshot above right).
Usage: shutdown [/i | /l | /s | /r | /g | /a | /p | /h | /e] [/f]
[/m \\computer][/t xxx][/d [p|u:]xx:yy [/c "comment"]]
/i Display the graphical user interface (GUI). This must be the first option.
/l Log off. This cannot be used with /m or /d options.
/s Shutdown the computer.
/r Shutdown and restart the computer.
/g Shutdown and restart the computer. After the system is rebooted, restart any registered applications.
/a Abort a system shutdown. This can only be used during the time-out period.
/p Turn off the local computer with no time-out or warning. Can be used with /d and /f options.
/h Hibernate the local computer. Can be used with the /f option.
/e Document the reason for an unexpected shutdown of a computer.
/m \\computer Specify the target computer.
/t xxx Set the time-out period before shutdown to xxx seconds.
The valid range is 0-315360000 (10 years), with a default of 30. If the timeout period is greater than 0, the /f parameter is implied.
/c "comment" Comment on the reason for the restart or shutdown. Maximum of 512 characters allowed.
/f Force running applications to close without forewarning users. The /f parameter is implied when a value greater than 0 is specified for the /t parameter.
/d [p|u:]xx:yy Provide the reason for the restart or shutdown.
p indicates that the restart or shutdown is planned.
u indicates that the reason is user defined. If neither p nor u is specified the restart or shutdown is unplanned.
xx is the major reason number (positive integer less than 256).
yy is the minor reason number (positive integer less than 65536).
- See More About Windows 2003 remote shutdown commands
- See Also Windows Server 2008 Remote Shutdown
- See Windows 8 Shutdown
SolarWinds’ Orion performance monitor will help you discover what’s happening on your network. This utility will also guide you through troubleshooting; the dashboard will indicate whether the root cause is a broken link, faulty equipment or resource overload.
What I like best is the way NPM suggests solutions to network problems. Its also has the ability to monitor the health of individual VMware virtual machines. If you are interested in troubleshooting, and creating network maps, then I recommend that you try NPM now.
PowerShell v 2.0’s Restart-Computer is very similar to the Windows 7 shutdown /r command. A likely scenario is that you wish to automate the reboot of a or remote server. With a tiny substitution to the cmdlet’s verb you could change the command so that it simply shuts down the computer. See more about using PowerShell’s Restart-Computer cmdlet.
How To Stop Psycho Remotely Shutting Down Computers
If you are running a training session and the delegate from hell keeps shutting down other students machines by abusing shutdown -s or -r, then configure a policy to prevent ‘Force Shutdown From A Remote Machine’.
Launch GPMC or SECPOL.MSC
Navigate to Local Policies, User Rights Assignment.
Experiment by assigning just your account, rather than all administrators.
Separate Problem Event Tracker
Summary of Windows 7 Remote Shutdown Command Line Switches
It’s fun to learn the Windows 7 shutdown command line switches, and one day they will save you a long walk when you want restart or stop a remote computer. My advice is to perfect the /a (abort) switch, that way you won’t panic if you issue a command to shutdown the local computer instead of the network machine.
For beginners, shutdown /i gives you time to check the options in a GUI.
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