PowerShell Export-Mailbox For Exchange 2010
Once you realize that Export-Mailbox is one of the most difficult of PowerShell cmdlets it becomes easier because you take more care with the pre-requisites. Incidentally, Import-Mailbox and Export-Mailbox in Exchange 2010 replace ExMerge in Exchange 2007.
- Exchange 2010 Guidelines for Export-Mailbox
- The Key Export-Mailbox Parameters
- Example 1: Basic Export
- Example 2: Exporting to .PST file
- Example 3: Exporting Particular Emails
If you are new to Export-Mailbox, or troubleshooting why it doesn’t work, then I suggest that you do everything ‘by the book’:
Install Outlook 2010 on the Exchange Server 2010, and run the PowerShell commands on the actual server. Also remember that unlike Exchange 2007, everything about Exchange 2010 is 64-bit (including the Outlook 2010).
Exchange Server 2010 with no mailboxes. Perhaps no mailboxes on Exchange server the most bizarre of all the recommendations, but to get Export-Mailbox working, go along with this at least in the beginning.
PowerShell user’s administrator rights. If you think about it, exporting a mailbox is a responsible task. Thus to achieve this task make sure you are a member of these exchange groups (later you can see if the Mailbox Import Export role is sufficient) :
- ‘Organization Management role group’
- ‘Server Management management role group’
Management management is not a typo!
You can use the Exchange Management Console for this RBAC (Role Based Access Control) assignment, but why not use PowerShell itself?
New-ManagementRoleAssignment -Role "Organization Management role" -User Administrator
New-ManagementRoleAssignment -Role "Server Management management role" -User Administrator
Note A: Logoff, and then logon again to be sure these roles have taken effect. (Or at least close, and then re-open PowerShell.)
Plan B: If all else fails, try the new Exchange 2010 Archiving and High Availability features.
Possible Tweaks to Export-Mailbox
I would only try these variations once I had initial success. Perhaps it’s me, but once I get a PowerShell script working then I can extend it’s capabilities in magical ways; however, if it the commands don’t work then I can get into a downward spiral of frustration.
- Assign the account running Export-Mailbox the lesser right of: Mailbox Import Export role
- Install the Exchange 2010 Management Tools on a 64-bit Windows 7 machine, and then run the PowerShell commands from there.
- Relax the ‘no mailbox’ recommendation, try Export-Mailbox on a production server with mailboxes.
You can use Export-Mailbox to copy (or move) the contents of a mailbox to a specified .pst file, or to a different mailbox that already exists.
-Identity is the first required parameter, it defines the source mailbox. Decide whether to pipe a Get-Mailbox command into Export-Mailbox, or whether to specify the Display Name, Alias or SMTP address.
-TargetMailbox and TargetFolder are required destination parameters. Alternatively, you could specify a value for or -PSTFolderPath.
Import users from a spreadsheet, complete with their mailbox. Just provide a list of the users with the fields in the top row, and save as .csv file. Then launch this FREE utility, match your Exchange fields with AD’s attributes, click and import the users. Optionally, you can provide the name of the OU where the new mailboxes will be born.
- Bulk-import new users and mailboxes into Active Directory.
- Seek and zap unwanted user accounts.
- Find inactive computers.
If all this is new to you, I suggest focusing on -Identity (the source), -TargetMailbox and -TargetFolder (where to copy the data).
Export-Mailbox -Identity "Mary Evans" -TargetMailbox MaryJo -TargetFolder MaryStuff
Note 1a: Instead of Export-Mailbox -Identity you could pipe
Get-User "Mary Evans" | Export-Mailbox -TargetMailbox MaryJo – TargetFolder MaryStuff.
Export-Mailbox -Identity email@example.com -PSTFolderPath C:\PSTFiles\MaryE.pst
Note 2a: The resulting file would be on the C: drive of the Exchange server, even if you issue the command from a networked machine such as Windows 7.
Scenario want to export all email in the HR OU containing two specific addresses.
Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit HR | Export-Mailbox -PSTFolderPath C:\PSTFiles -RecipientKeywords "firstname.lastname@example.org", "email@example.com"
Note 3a: Observe how Get-Mailbox substitutes for the -Identity parameter.
Note 3b: This generates multiple .pst files. One for each user in HR (Human Resources) who has email from psycho or nutter.
Optional Parameters for Export-Mailbox
Once you get the basic command working I recommend you research the family of optional parameters because they will help you filter the data to export, for example, -ContentKeywords or -IncludeFolders.
Here is a free tool to monitor your Exchange Server. Download and install the utility, then inspect your mail queues, monitor the Exchange server’s memory, confirm there is enough disk space, and check the CPU utilization.
This is the real deal – there is no catch. SolarWinds provides this fully-functioning freebie, as part of their commitment to supporting the network management community.
StatusCode Error Messages
StatusCode 2147221233 with Export-Mailbox
The probable cause of above error message is insufficient rights, try a variation of the script below to gain extra rights, in particular change the value of Administrator to your account.
New-ManagementRoleAssignment -Role "Mailbox Import Export role" -User Administrator
Note 5: StatusCode 1056749164 can be caused by the same problem, insufficient rights.
Try applying the latest service pack to Exchange Server 2010.
Other Members of the Mailbox Family of Cmdlets
Get-Command -noun Mailbox
More Examples of Mailbox Cmdlets
- Get-Mailbox -Identity "Guy Thomas" [Good place to start]
SolarWinds’ Network Performance Monitor will help you discover what’s happening on your network. This utility will also guide you through troubleshooting; the dashboard will indicate whether the root cause is a broken link, faulty equipment or resource overload.
What I like best is the way NPM suggests solutions to network problems. Its also has the ability to monitor the health of individual VMware virtual machines. If you are interested in troubleshooting, and creating network maps, then I recommend that you try NPM now.
Summary of Export-Mailbox
When you are learning Export-Mailbox make sure that you follow the guidelines before you begin, for example, install Outlook and check the rights for the account that you are using to issue the PowerShell commands. As you get started focus on the -Identity (source) and the -TargetMailbox (destination) parameters.
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