Microsoft’s Exchange Server 2010

Introduction to Microsoft Exchange Server 2010Microsoft Exchange Server 2010

As soon as you install Exchange 2010 Server you cannot help but notice the Server Role Selection wizard.  This encourages you to plan the function of each Exchange Server from the outset.  For small companies, this means deciding how many tasks to combine on one Server.

Having a new server is a great excuse for buying new hardware; this is especially true of Exchange 2010 as the production version will only run on 64-bit processors.

ExchangeServer 2010 concentrates on its core email business.  Gone are peripheral such as Conferencing and Instant Messaging of Exchange 2003.  However, Exchange Server 2010 will allow you to deliver voicemail to the Outlook inbox.

This page represents my site map for Exchange 2010.

Microsoft Exchange 2010 Server Topics


Introduction to Exchange 2010

My mission for this section is to give you advice on how to Configure, Migrate and Troubleshoot Exchange 2010.  For example, Exchange 2010 has a new powerful yet simple installation mechanism.

Most of the big changes in directory services came between Exchange 5.5 and Exchange 2000.  Nevertheless, there are lots, of neat improvements in Exchange 2003 that were missing in Exchange 2000. For example, RPC over HTTP, ExDeploy, ExMerge and Query Based Distribution Groups.

Exchange 2010 continues this trend of steady improvements rather than revolutionary new ways of delivering email, for example, CCR (Cluster Continuous Replication) and Unified Messaging.  I also find that some of the ‘rough edges’ have been removed.  You can see what I mean by navigating smoothly around the new Exchange Management Console, compared with getting lost in the old Exchange System Manager.

Is Exchange 2010 Server Really Easier to Manage than Exchange 2003?

Can it be true that Exchange Server 2010 is easier than Exchange 2003?  Guy says it depends what you mean by easier!  Exchange 2010 is more straightforward to get started, but it has more individual components to consider than Exchange 2003.  Yes there are new exiting features, but each item needs time to evaluate.  It’s true that the wizards are cleverer, and they guide you surely through the necessary configuration, but there are more of them to get to know. 

Transition or Migrate to Microsoft Exchange 2010 Server

Good news, Microsoft has always been good at migrations and transitions, after all it’s in their best interests to make the latest and most expensive systems easily accessible.  The secret of a successful transition is to seek guidance from Microsoft’s installation wizards.  See more on the transition to Microsoft Exchange Server 2010.

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SolarWinds’ Network Performance Monitor will help you discover what’s happening on your network.  This utility will also guide you through troubleshooting; the dashboard will indicate whether the root cause is a broken link, faulty equipment or resource overload.

What I like best is the way NPM suggests solutions to network problems.  Its also has the ability to monitor the health of individual VMware virtual machines.  If you are interested in troubleshooting, and creating network maps, then I recommend that you try NPM now.

Download a free trial of SolarWinds’ Network Performance Monitor

MX Records for Email Delivery In Exchange

When your Exchange 2010 Server needs to receive email from the internet, then you you need to configure MX records (Mail eXchange) in DNS.  If you are troubleshooting then remember its your email server that people need to find.

Remember that you need at least two Exchange servers each with its own MX record.  Traditionally MX priorities are set in multiples of 10.  Exchange will first attempt to deliver the email to the server with the lowest priority.  See more on MX in Exchange 2010

CAS (Client Access Server) Role for Exchange 2007 Server

Actually, the CAS role for Exchange 2010 server is installed by default.  However, it is easy to add CAS as a role if you omit to select this role on the initial installation.  Two things you should remember about CAS, this role is needed for each site where you have Exchange 2010 Mailbox servers, and CAS is the gateway for OWA clients.

Cluster Continuous Replication

Cluster Continuous Replication gives administrator’s peace of mind that their mailbox servers are protected from a single point of failure.  To master this technology, I advise investigating the components, and playing with Cluster Tools such as the Failover Cluster Management tool on Windows Server 2008.  Then develop a CCR plan to suit your network, only then are you ready to install the Exchange Server 2010 mailbox servers. Exchange 2010 PowerShell Overview

PowerShell Cmdlets for Exchange 2010

The difficulties with changing settings via the built-in Exchange 2010 console are twofold:

  1. Confusion from too many drilldowns before you reach the target. 
  2. Certain configuration settings are not available in the GUI, thus you need to learn the appropriate PowerShell command.

See PowerShell examples for Exchange Server 2010

Free Download of Exchange Monitor from SolarWindsGuy Recommends: The SolarWinds Exchange Monitor

Here is a free tool to monitor your Exchange Server.  Download and install the utility, then inspect your mail queues, monitor the Exchange server’s memory, confirm there is enough disk space, and check the CPU utilization.

This is the real deal – there is no catch.  SolarWinds provides this fully-functioning freebie, as part of their commitment to supporting the network management community.

Free Download of SolarWinds Exchange Monitor

Exchange Version History

This history of Exchange server is typical of Microsoft, they get there in the end Exchange Server 2010 is an excellent email system.  However, early versions were weak, had little security, and only supported about 500 users.

  • Exchange 2010
  • Exchange 2007
  • Exchange 2003 Exchange 7
  • Exchange 2000 Exchange 6
  • Exchange 5.5
  • Exchange 5
  • Exchange 4 (Joke product released in 1996)
  • Before that there was Microsoft Mail v 3.5.


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See more Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 topics:

Exchange 2010 Home   • Exchange 2010 Transition   • Exchange 2010 Migration  • Exchange Stores

Server Roles   • Office 365 Migration   • Exchange 2010 Performance Monitor   • Eseutil Commands

Exchange 2010 NDR   • Exchange 2010 GAL   • Exchange OWA 2010  • Exchange 2010 New Features