PowerShell Get-WinEvent

Examine Your Logs with the Get-WinEvent Cmdlet

Get-WinEvent in PowerShell v2.0 is a successor to Get-Eventlog in version 1.0.

Take the opportunity to learn more about PowerShell while you undertake the worthwhile task of examining the various event logs, for example, system, Windows or DNS.

PowerShell Get-WinEvent Topics

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Example 1: PowerShell Get-WinEvent -ListLog

Our first task is to enumerate the logs that exist on your machine, therefore, append the -ListLog parameter thus:

# PowerShell Get-WinEvent script to list the event logs.
Get-WinEvent -ListLog *

Learning Points

Note 1:  -ListLog * is correct.  Plain -List (as in Get-Eventlog) does not work, furthermore you really do need that wildcard *.

Note 2: The results are staggering; I was expecting about 8 logs yet the command returned 149.  To check on your machine try:
(Get-WinEvent -ListLog *).count

Note 3: You may have guessed that the hash # symbol is PowerShell's way of introducing a comment.

Action Point:  Launch the Event Viewer, visit the actual logs and compare the names of the logs with those returned by PowerShell's Get-WinEvent.  Incidentally checking the operating systems GUIs while scripting PowerShell really helps to understand what is going on.

Example 1a : Luddite Script to List Just the Classic Old Logs

# PowerShell Get-WinEvent script to list classic event logs.
Clear-Host
Get-WinEvent -ListLog * | Where {$_.IsClassicLog -eq 'True'}

Note 4: This shows the logs that you would see with Get-Eventlog -List

Example 2: Display Messages From Your Application Log

Key point, Get-WinEvent is followed by the name of the log, in this case 'Application'.

# PowerShell Get-WinEvent script to show last 50 Application log entries.
Clear-Host
Get-WinEvent  Application -MaxEvents 50

Note 5: I have not explicitly added -Logname because this parameter is optional as long as Application (or the name of the log) follows directly after the cmdlet.

I realize that most people will just copy and paste my script, but for those want to look behind the script, or those who get stuck, I provide 'Learning Points'.   My greatest joy is if you would experiment with my code, for example, change 50 to 10000; or more adventurously, change Get-WinEvent application to Get-WinEvent system.

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Example 2a: Modification to Filter Just for Application Errors

# PowerShell Get-WinEvent script find errors in Application log
Clear-Host
Get-WinEvent -Logname Application -MaxEvents 500 |
Where-Object {$_.LevelDisplayName -eq 'Error'} |
Format-Table Id, LevelDisplayName, Message -AutoSize

Note 6: Observe the LevelDisplayName property.  Match the values with what you see in the event viewer GUI.

Note 7: In Get-WinEvent the -MaxEvents replaces the -newest parameter found in the alternative Get-Eventlog cmdlet.  -MaxEvents controls the number of events that the script should read, which is handy switch when testing scripts.

Note 8: PowerShell supports a whole family of conditional statements, for example, -Like, -Contains, or -Match -eq (Equals), but for this job, I chose plain -eq.

Note 9: Each word, and indeed every symbol, has deep meaning to PowerShell.  (|) pipes the output of the first clause into the 'Where' statement.  As a result the output is filtered so that you see only error messages, and not information or warning messages.

Challenge: If the result does not produce many messages, try using the negative -ne thus:

Where-Object {$_.LevelDisplayName -ne 'Error'} |

Remember that negative is -ne, and not -neq.

Example 2b: Modification for Non-USA Cultures

As of 2104, there is a PowerShell bug in cultures such as "en-GB" or "en-DE", which prevents the display of the properties: 'LevelDisplayName' and 'Message'; here is a work-around:

[System.Threading.Thread]::CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = `
New-Object "System.Globalization.CultureInfo" "en-US"
Get-WinEvent -LogName 'System' -MaxEvents 500 |
Where-Object {$_.LevelDisplayName -eq 'Error'} |
Format-Table Id, LevelDisplayName, Message -AutoSize

Note 10: You only need this culture modification in countries outside of the USA.

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Example 3: Finding the Most Common Log Events

Scripting the event logs inevitably throws up some unexpected real results.  The easiest way to check for the most serious problems is to group similar events, then list in descending order.

# PowerShell example which groups event then sorts in descending order.
Clear-Host
Get-WinEvent -Logname System -MaxEvents 2000 |
Group-Object ProviderName | Sort-Object Count -descending |
Format-Table Count, Name -auto

Note 11: I have selected the System log, but you could easily adapt this script for the Security or Application log.

Note 12: Once the script works, I would remove the -MaxEvents 2000 part; I only added that parameter to speed-up the script when you first run it.

Use Select-Object Instead of Format-Table

# PowerShell Get-WinEvent script find errors in Application log
Get-WinEvent -Logname Application -MaxEvents 500 |
Where-Object {$_.LevelDisplayName -eq 'Error'} |
Select-Object LevelDisplayName, id, ProviderName

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More Research Into PowerShell Get-WinEvent

Whenever you discover a new PowerShell command, it benefits from being surveyed with what I call the 'Trusty Twosome'.  In this instance, if you research a Verb-Noun command with Get-Help and Get-Member, then you are sure to unearth new scripting possibilities. To see what I mean try:

Get-Help Investigates Parameters for Get-WinEvent Cmdlet

# Investigate PowerShell's Get-WinEvent -parameters
Clear-Host
Get-Help Get-WinEvent -full

Get-Help confirms that in PowerShell v2.0 Get-WinEvent supports the -ComputerName parameter, thus you can interrogate the Event logs on network machines.

Get-Help also displays useful parameters such as: -ListLog, -Logname, and -MaxEvents.  Indeed, the first thing to remember about Get-WinEvent is that it needs the name of the log, for example: Get-WinEvent system.  Understand that PowerShell is looking for a positional argument, thus 'system' is the name of the log and is an argument, and not a parameter.  To determine this difference, PowerShell expects a parameter to be introduced with a -dash, whereas an argument is preceded by only a space.

Other names of logs that you can substitute for 'system' are: Application, Security and even PowerShell itself has a log.  Windows Server is likely to have yet more logs, for example, Directory Service and DNS Server.

Get-Member Research More Properties

# Investigate PowerShell Get-WinEvent Properties
Clear-Host
Get-WinEvent system -MaxEvents 1 | Get-Member -MemberType property

Note 12: The above command reveals a list of properties that you can then use in the output, for example, ProviderId, Level and TimeCreated.

Note 13: -MaxEvents 1 just speeds up the script because it only looks for 1 log, and it's the properties rather than the actual messages that interest us in this experiment.

Summary of PowerShell Eventlog Scripts

Let us begin by taking stock of the operating system's event logs.  In our hearts, we know that we should be looking at these logs more often.  We also know that when we see those red dots in the logs, we should take action to correct the corresponding error message.

Thus we have a task for PowerShell; in fact, we have a marriage made in heaven.  PowerShell will help us review the system, application and other logs, while the event logs themselves will act as a vehicle for learning more about PowerShell's benefits, capabilities and syntax.

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See more PowerShell examples to read, write and list Windows event logs

PowerShell Home   • Get-Eventlog   • EventVwr -list   • Get-WinEvent   • Remote-WinEvent

WMI Win32_NTLogEvent   • Windows 8 Event Viewer  • Windows 8 Security Event Log

PowerShell real-life task   • Write-Eventlog   • EventVwr errors   • Log Event Manager

Please email me if you have a better example script. Also please report any factual mistakes, grammatical errors or broken links, I will be happy to correct the fault.

 

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